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Biermann lectures - How to model an extra solar planet

May 22, 2015
In this year’s Biermann Lectures Professor Isabelle Baraffe from the University of Exeter will talk about exoplanet modelling. The different aspects touched on in the course of the miniseries will range from an exoplanet’s interior structure to its outer atmosphere. [more]
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Understanding X-ray emission from galaxies and galaxy clusters

May 01, 2015
By combining data for more than 250,000 individual objects, an MPA-based team has for the first time been able to measure X-ray emission in a uniform manner for objects with masses ranging from that of the Milky Way up to that of rich galaxy clusters. The results are surprisingly simple and give insight into how ordinary matter is distributed in today's universe, and how this distribution has been affected by energy input from galactic nuclei. [more]
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Dusty substructure in a galaxy far far away

April 09, 2015
Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have combined high-resolution images from the ALMA telescopes with a new scheme for undoing the distorting effects of a powerful gravitational lens in order to provide the first detailed picture of a young and distant galaxy, over 11 billion light-years from Earth. The reconstructed images show that star formation is heating interstellar dust and making it glow strongly in three distinct clumps embedded in a broader distribution, suggesting that object may be a rotating disk galaxy seen nearly edge-on. [more]
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Computer simulation confirms supernova mechanism in three dimensions

April 01, 2015
Massive stars explode as supernovae at the end of their lives, but how exactly does the explosion begin and what is the role of different physical processes? For the first time, scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics have been able to simulate such a stellar explosion in all three dimensions with detailed physical input. The results show that the energetic neutrinos radiated by the newly formed neutron star indeed trigger the explosion by heating the stellar matter. Turbulent flows support this process and lead to an even more energetic explosion. [more]
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Chushiro Hayashi Prize awarded to Eiichiro Komatsu

March 25, 2015
On 19 March, the Astronomical Society of Japan honoured MPA Director Eiichiro Komatsu with the "Chushiro Hayashi Prize" during its annual spring meeting at Osaka University. The prize is awarded to scientists who made major contributions to the fields of astronomy and astrophysics. The Chushiro Hayashi Prize was founded in 1996, using a part of the Kyoto Prize money awarded to Hayashi in 1995. Komastu is the 19th laureate for this prestigious award. [more]
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The Software Legacy of the Planck Mission

March 24, 2015
The Planck mission to survey the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) has not only advanced our understanding of the Universe, it also created advanced software systems for data analysis. Three interrelated software packages, which were developed at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) specifically for the Planck mission, are now publicly available for use in other projects: the basic Planck simulation package to generate mock observations with Planck and other CMB experiments, the “ProC” workflow engine to define and execute scientific data analysis workflows, and the data management component “DMC” to store and organize the results of complex data processes. [more]
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Rashid Sunyaev receives Zel'dovich Gold Medal

March 20, 2015
In 2015, the presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) decided to award MPA director Rashid Sunyaev with the Gold Medal named after Ya.B. Zel'dovich for a sequence of the papers about the very early universe, containing calculations about the last scattering of photons and the black body radiation that was later observed as the cosmic microwave background. This is the first time that the RAS honours a scientist with this medal for outstanding work in the field of physics and astrophysics. The award is named in honour of the Soviet physicist and physical chemist Ya B. Zel'dovich, PhD supervisor to Rashid Sunyaev and long-time collaborator. [more]
 
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